The Education Minister, Mrs. Obiageli Ezekwesili, kept to her promise of
February 26 to release the second volume of the Examination Malpractice
Blacklist when on March 15, she made known names of 232 persons who
aided and abetted exam fraud in public examinations, but the list
contained shocking details of how the fraud was committed in the 324
schools de-recognised through those saddled with the responsibility of
overseeing the examinations.
The list of 232 names, which included employees of Federal Ministry of
Education (unity schools), private schools, state ministries of
education and staff of examination bodies, revealed shocking details of
how examination fraud was perpetrated in schools through the assistance
of the named officials during the conduct of the public examinations
between 2000 and 2006.
Ezekwesili stressed that the 232 officials would not serve as personnel
of Federal Ministry of Education-related examinations which include the
National Examinations Council (NECO), West African Examinations Council
(WAEC), Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB), National
Business and Technical Education Board (NABTEB) and National Teachers
According to her, the process of producing the blacklisted names was
painstaking, open and transparent, noting: "The examination bodies
forwarded the names of exam personnel found to have compromised the
integrity of the examination process as principals, teachers,
supervisiors, invigilators to examiners. The names were forwarded to the
Joint Action Committee on Examination Ethics and Campus Safety to
undergo a process of verification and harmonization.
She encouraged state ministries of education and proprietors of schools
to take further disciplinary action regarding their staff listed in the
report while names of those affected have been forwarded to the Economic
and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).
State by state analysis showed that Abia recorded 11 personnel, Adamawa
1, Akwa-Ibom 10, Anambra 31, Bayelsa 1, Bauchi 2, Benue 7, Cross River
11, Delta 6, Ebonyi 7, Edo 5, Enugu 6, Ekiti 4, FCT 4, Imo 15, Kaduna 2,
Kano 4, Kebbi 4, Kogi 4, Kwara 4, Lagos 3, Nasarawa 3, Niger 1, Ogun 2,
Ondo 14, Osun 4, Oyo 9, Plateau 6, Rivers 4 and Sokoto 1.
For the Federal Ministry of Education staff indicted, the 36-page report
revealed how they encouraged exam fraud during public examinations,
among which are aiding and abetting malpractice, mass collusion in
NABTEB Business/Construction Management, failure to administer
Mathematics paper 2, sexual harassment while a particular unity school
in Umuahia, a staff was reported to be an accomplice in a case of
malpractice as he leaked the Economics paper 2 to a student.
The 10 NABTEB officials were indicted for aiding and abetting their own
examination between 2000 and 2005 while the 12 NECO officials were said
to have compromised question papers, substituted scripts in the bank,
examination malpractice offence and extortion of money from school
during the conduct of its exam while the two NTI staffers were said to
have leaked exam questions through the centre supervisor to students.
According to the report, the seven JAMB staffers were involved in
examination fraud and collusion, illegal cutody of exam materials and
documents, unauthorised possession of candidate photocard, inflation of
UME 2004/2005 score as well as printing of result slips of the altered
score and extortion of money from candidates with assurance to inflate
Shocking details of how principals, supervisors, teachers, invigilators
and even school proprietors aided examination fraud was revealed in the
state by state report which include the use of cribs in the exam hall,
gatekeeper of a school locked out exam officials while the principal
rather than intervene, threatened the inspectors, photocopied answers
sold to students while some teachers contributed and disbursed "comfort"
fund to supeprvisors and invigilators.
The report revealed that a proprietor of a school in Edo registered as a
candidate in his school and hired different persons to write the WAEC
May/June 2005. Invigilators in Anambra were caught giving assistance to
candidates through touts, while in Adamawa, another invigilator was also
caught swapping candidates’ answer scripts.
In Bauchi, a school supported the hiring of touts to write Physics
examination for a staffer while in Benue, a teacher was caught in the
staff room working Mathematics paper 2 for candidates and a supervisior
was also caught dictating answers during the WAEC May/June 2004 to the
For a school in Cross River, an invigilator wrote the WAEC May/June 2000
exam for a candidate while a principal in Delta changed the passport
photographs of candidates with those of impersonators who wrote the exam
for them and a teacher was caught writing Commerce 2 exam for a
The report also revealed that an invigilator in Ebonyi connived with
candidates to perpetrate exam malpractice by allowing them to copy one
another and in the same state, a supervisor impersonated a candidate
during NABTEB May/June 2006.
Three invigilastors in FCT were indicted for leaking WAEC May/June 2001
question paper in Agricultural Science to the candidates, in Kaduna, a
supervisor arranged and secured answered questions to candidates while
three supervisors in Kano tampered with the English Language questions.
A supervisor in Imo State registered for the same exam she supervised at
Centre 17116 and was impersonated during the NABTEB May/June 2006, while
a supervisor and invigilator in the same state aided exam malpractice in
all subjects taken at the centre and another was caught collecting money
from the candidates before receiving their answer scripts.
In Kebbi, a teacher dictated Biology 2 answer to the candidates, while a
supervisor during the NECO Nov/Dec 2005 solved question on the
chalkboard for students to copy; in Kwara, another supervisor was caught
during Commerce 1 & 2 and also could not account for four question
papers as well as seven answer booklets. In Lagos, a teacher coordinated
the circulation of photocopied answers to candidates in the exam hall
while a supervisor in another college allowed mass collusion in
Other shocking details include a supervisor in Niger State who was
caught selling question papers on the day of Mathematics, in Nasarawa,
an invigilator worked out answers for Mathematics 2 and in the same
state, a teacher was caught writing answers on the blackboard for
students to copy in Agricultural Science 2.
The report said a supervisor in Ondo requested the WAEC staff on
inspection to swap scripts for some candidates, another collected
gratification of N3,000 from candidates, released question papers to the
Asssitant Head Boy, while a teacher was caught trying to smuggle in
Economics 1 worked objective answers and in Osun, a centre supervisor
aided and abetted the candidates to cheat in Economics 2.
The President of All Nigeria Conference of Principals of Secondary
Schools (ANCOPSS), Chief Nzemeka Olisah, said the body is in support of
the release of the 232 names indicted and that the initiative would go a
long way in helping to strengthen the machinery and enforce the law on
While the Regristrar of Teachers Registration Council of Nigeria (TRCN),
Mr. A.M. Ciwar, said the presentation of exam malpractice blacklist 11
has demonstrated the resolve and commitment of the minister to stamp out
all forms of exam fraud in the system and to reposition the education
sector for efficient, transparent and functional service delivery.
The Asssitant Secretary of National Parent Teacher Association of
Nigeria (NAPTAN), Mr. Adaji Yinusa, lauded the release of the names of
officials indicted and pledged the support and cooperation of the
association with relevant stakeholders in ensuring the eradication of
exam malpractice in the school system.